Legio Wargames

Châlons Orders of Battle

Scale (approximate)

I am assuming just under 40,000 men on each side with a few less for Attila. This is manageable with an approximate scale of 1 figure = 100 men. It is unlikely there were more combatants than this but there could easily have been less, so if you have fewer figures you could scale the numbers down by 10-15,000 less on each side.

 

For Comitatus rules which uses 'stands' or 'elements' as the basic playing pieces I have adopted a scale of;

  1 Cavalry stand (2-3 figures) = 300 men

  1 Heavy Infantry stand (6-9 figures in 2 ranks) = 800 men

  1 Light Infantry stand (4-5 figures) = 400 men

Visigoth Contingent

12-15,000 men. The Visigoths are split into 2 commands. The main one, under King Theodoric, holds a defensive position on foot representing a combination of dismounted nobles and other infantry. They would be well equipped, having had access to Roman armouries for 2 generations. They could be supported by a small number of foot archers. A flanking force under Thorismund has been sent to capture the hill. It is mostly mounted, probably fighting in 'Roman' style with spears and javelins using a combination of shock and skirmish tactics. They also could be supported by a small number of light infantry, most likely javelin armed

 

Theodoric. Contingent Commander. 4 Command Points

Theodoric's Comitatus: 1 unit of 4 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 1200 men

Dismounted Subordiante Commander 3 CPs

Subordiante's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Shieldwall Infantry, B Grade, Armoured, Exceptional Morale = 1600 men

(representing dismounted cavalry)

Warriors: 2 Units each of 4 Shieldwall Infantry, B Grade, High Morale = 6400 men

Archers: 1 unit of 4 Archers, B Grade, Average Morale = 1600 men

10,800 men

 

Thorismund (subordinate to Theodoric) 4 Command Points

Thorsimund's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 600 men

Cavalry: 3 units each of 2 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 1800 men

Infantry: 1 unit of 3 Skirmishers, B Grade, High Morale = 1200 men

3600 men

Alan Contingent

4000-5000 men. A combination of light horse archers and heavy cavalry armed with lance and bow. Well equipped as they had been settled in Roman terrtory for some time but with low morale. It is possible that a small number of their horses could be armoured.

 

Sangiban, Contingent Commander. 2 Command Points. He has a low command rating to simulate a lack of commitment.

Sangiban's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, Armoured, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Heavy Cavalry: 2 units each of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, Average Morale = 1200 men

Light Cavalry: 2 units each of 4 Light Horse Archers,, B Grade, Low Morale = 2400 men

4200 men

Orders of Battle

Attila's army may contain up to 40,000 men and Aetius' army should have about 2-5,000 more. For each contingent I have given a range of round numbers which players can choose between to make up the total.

 

I have provided a generic description for each contingent which allows players to adapt the orders of battle for whatever rules they use. This is followed by a detailed breakdown of how I would choose the armies for use under Comitatus rules. The exact units sizes and the varioius proportions have been adapted to suit the figures I can actually deploy and players should feel free to modify the lists to suit their armies.

 

The numbers for the Comitatus orders of battle are in 'stands' so a unit of '2 heavy infantry' contains 16 figures representing 1600 men.

Roman Contingent

20,000-24,000 men. The Roman forces comprised several contingents: high quality 'Palatine' troops brought form Italy, the remnants of the Gallic field army supplimented by Laeti (barbarian military settlers) and Limitanei (garison troops); Bucellarii (private armies of the Gallic landowners); Armoricans from Brittany, Franks, Saxons and Burgundians.

 

Aetius. Overall commander of all the Roman forces. 5 Command Points

Aetius' Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, A Grade, Exceptional Morale = 600 men

 

Roman Subordiante Cavalry Commander 3 Command Points

Cavalry Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, A Grade, High Morale = 300 men

Bucellarii: 1 unit of 2 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Armoricans: 1 unit of 2 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, B Grade, Average Morale = 600 men

Palatine Cavalry: 1 unit of 2 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, A Grade, Average Morale = 600 men

2100 men

 

Roman Subordiante Infantry Commander 3 Command Points

Infantry Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Heavy Javelin Cavalry, A Grade, High Morale = 300 men

Laeti and Limitanei: 1 unit of 3 Shieldwall Infantry, C Grade, Average Morale = 2400 men

Burgundians and Saxons: 1 unit of 3 Shieldwall Infantry, B Grade, Average Morale = 2400 men

Gallic Legions: 3 units each of 2 Roman Infanty, Armoured, B Grade, Average Morale = 4800 men

Auxilia Palatina: 2 units each of 2 Shieldwall or Roman Infantry, A Grade, Average Morale = 3200 men

Archers: 2 units each of 3 Foot Archers, C Grade, Average Morale = 2400 men

15,500 men

 

Frankish Ally Commander 3 Command Points

Frankish Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Shock Infanty, Armoured, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 800 men

Frankish Warriors: 2 units each of 2 Shock Infantry, B Grade, High Morale = 3200 men

4000 men

Ostrogoth Contingent

10,000-14,000 men. They were led by the brothers Valamir, Theodimir and Vidimir. Possibly Valamir had overall command. The Ostrogoths were primarily mounted troops favouring shock tactics, probably supported by a number of foot archers. I have assumed that other eastern Germans, fighting on foot in a defensive shieldwall would form a second line for the cavalry to rally back on.

 

Valamir, Ostrogoth Contingent Commander, 3 Command Points

Valamir's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 600 men

 

Theodimir, Ostrogoth Subordinate Commander, 3 Command Points

Theodimir's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Warriors: 2 units each of 4 Shock Cavalry, B grade, Average Morale = 2400 men

Archers: 1 unit of 5 Foot Archers, B Grade, Average Morale = 2000 men

5000 men

 

Vidimir, Ostrogoth Subordinate Commander, 2 Command Points. His low command rating reflects a possible lack of digression and status as the junior of the 3 brothers.

Vidimir's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Thuringians, Rugians and Scirii: 2 units each of 3 Shieldwall Infantry, Average Morale = 4800 men

5400 men

Hun Contingent

10-14000 men. Mostly light horse archers with a small number of lance and bow armed heavy cavalry. I have divided them up into three subordinate commands, one flank force to contest the hill with the Visigoths and the remainder forming 2 lines with Attila in overall command.

 

Attila 4 Command Points

Attila's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 600 men

 

Left Flank Subordinate Commander 3 Command Points

Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 300 men

Heavy Cavalry: 1 unit of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Light Cavalry: 1 unit of 2 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, High Morale =  600 men

Light Cavalry: 1 unit of 4 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, High Morale = 1200 men

2700 men

 

Front Line Subordinate Commander 3 Command Points

Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 300 men

Light Cavalry: 1 unit of 6 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, High Morale = 1800 men

Light Cavalry: 3 units each of 4 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, High Morale = 3600 men

5700 men

 

Rear Line Subordinate Commander 3 Command Points

Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 300 men

Heavy Cavalry: 1 unit of 2 Lance & Bow Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 600 men

Light Cavalry: 2 units each of 4 Light Horse Archers, B Grade, High Morale = 2400 men

3300 men

Gepid Contingent

12-16,000 men. The Gepids, and possibly some others who may have been present like the Heruls, were mounted warriors using shock tactics like the Ostrogoths. I have assumed that the bulk of the other western Germans such as the Franks and Burgundians were also on this wing facing off the Roman infantry. The foot warriors would also favour shock tactics rather than acting defensively.

 

Adaric, Contingent Commander, 4 Command Points

Adaric's Comitatus: 1 unit of 1 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, Exceptional Morale = 300 men

Gepid Cavalry: 2 units each of 2 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, High Morale = 1200 men

Herul Cavalry: 1 unit of 2 Shock Cavalry, B Grade, Average Morale = 600 men

Archers: 1 unit of 4 Foot Archers, B Grade, Average Morale = 1600 men

3700 men

 

Infantry Subordinate Commander 3 Command Points

Commander's Comitatus: 1 unit of 2 Shock Infantry, Armoured, B Grade, High Morale = 1600 men

Warriors: 3 units each of 4 Shock Infantry, B Grade, Average Morale = 9600 men

11,200 men

Franks1

A unit of 28mm Franks. Mostly Foundry figures with a number of conversions. Franks fought on both sides at Chalons.

Huns mid res

Hun light horse archers. A mix of 15mm figures from Magister Militum, Black Hat and Essex

Game Scenario Background