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Engagement at Philips Norton, 1685

By smacdowall, Nov 11 2016 03:59PM

I seem to be managing quite a few games of late. Yesterday it was back to the Wars of James Stuart with a most interesting encounter set during the Monmouth rebellion of 1685. Tomorrow it will be back to Ancients (in 6 mil).

Monmouth occupied the village of Philips Norton and was planning on extricating his forces to move on Bath. I played the Royalist forces led by the Duke of Grafton and John Churchill. My intent was to cut off and destroy the rebels before they could withdraw.

Grafton’s Horse. backed up by a detachment of grenadiers and supported by dragoons galloped towards the village, hemmed in by hedges and quite unaware of what would greet them.

The rebels had a detachment of gentry mounted on horseback and a light gun protecting the rear of their column.

The Royalist Horse drove back Monmouth’s local gentry only to find themselves cut off and surrounded. Monmouth’s men rallied and the Royalist cavalry were then cut to pieces.

Monmouth himself took command of his Blue Regiment which held the houses and hedgerows on the outskirts of the village. Unable to deploy, Grafton’s grenadiers fixed bayonets and attempted an assault. Raked by fire on the approach, the grenadiers were cut to pieces as they tried to hack their way into the village.

In the nick of time. John Churchill led the main body of the Royal army up the road to rescue the situation while Grafton dismounted his dragoons and deployed them into a firing line to keep the Rebels occupied while Churchill organised a second assault. Monmouth deployed his Red Regiment off to the flank of the village to counter the Royalist dragoons.

Taking personal command of Kirke’s Lambs (The Queen’s Regiment), Churchill led them against the village. Thanks to the support of Grafton’s dragoons the rebel fire was less effective than it had been against the grenadiers and the light gun made no impression. None-the-less the Royalist foot were forced back after a fierce hand-to-hand combat against men armed with scythes, pitchforks and muskets. A second assault fared no better but while the better trained Royalists were able to re-dress their ranks, the hastily raised rebels were being worn down. Monmouth was wounded and a third assault managed to take the rebel position.

But it was too late. With darkness closing in and the rain getting worse there was no no chance of inflicting a serious defeat on the rebels. Our men had taken horrendous casualties — a regiment of horse and composite battalion of grenadiers had been wiped out. Apart from a few gentlemen of horse the rebels had taken very few casualties and there was nothing more we could do to stop them from making a clean break to advance on Bath

The figures are all from Gary Kitching's 28 mm collection. Most are from Front Rank.

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